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Health Promotion, Chronic Disease and Injury Prevention Current Initiatives

Below are some of the projects currently being developed by the Health Promotion, Chronic Disease and Injury Prevention Knowledge Synthesis and Evaluation Services team at Public Health Ontario (PHO).

Child and Youth Health Data Sources

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​Child and youth population health assessments are influenced by the quality and utility of the information sources. Although Ontario lacks a coordinated system for assessing child and youth health, the province has access to individual data sources that could provide information on younger populations. This project summarizes and assesses data sources that measure child and youth health in Ontario across dimensions of data-source quality and utility.​

 

Daily Physical Activity (DPA) evaluation

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​The DPA policy requires school boards to ensure that all elementary students, including students with special needs, have a minimum of 20 minutes of sustained moderate to vigorous physical activity each school day during instructional time. PHO is conducting a series of three studies assessing the DPA policy in Ontario, looking at its development, implementation, and current status. Find out more about PHO's DPA evaluation.

 

Distracted Driving Survey of Youth and Young Adults

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​According to current collision trends, fatalities from the impacts of distracted driving are forecasted to exceed those from drinking and driving by 2016. PHO is completing a two-part project to better understand the reasons why youth and young adults engage in texting and driving. The project consists of an evidence brief examining the risk factors and predictors of texting and driving (available here) and an online survey (currently underway) of Ontario youth examining reasons or motives for engaging in the behaviour.​​​

 

Effectiveness of Vision Screening Programs for Preschool Children

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​There is wide variation in the application of childhood vision screening programs across Canada and around the world, and questions about the evidence that supports universal childhood vision screening programs, including the preferred model of delivery. The purpose of this review is to examine the effectiveness of vision screening for preschool children, ages one to six.

 

Healthy Babies Healthy Children (HBHC) Process Implementation Evaluation 

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​HBHC is a program funded by the Ministry of Children and Youth Services (MCYS) designed to help children in Ontario have a healthy start in life and provide them with opportunities to reach their potential. In 2012–13, MCYS introduced enhancements to strengthen the program. They then commissioned PHO to evaluate the process implementation of the enhanced HBHC program over the first six months of implementation.

 

Healthy Kids Community Challenge (HKCC) evaluation

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The Ministry of Health and Long Term Care (MOHLTC) has funded 45 communities across Ontario to participate in the Healthy Kids Community Challenge (HKCC). The HKCC has a focus on promoting healthy behaviours in children and youth (0 to 12 years). Local program initiatives will promote key themes (e.g., physical activity, healthy eating, minimizing screen time). PHO will be evaluating the process and impacts of the HKCC program, including at child, parent and community levels. Find out more​. ​

  

Neighbourhood Walkability

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Residents of highly walkable neighbourhoods may be more physically active than residents of less walkable neighbourhoods. However, such differences may depend on age, urban area population, or whether the physical activity is for transportation or leisure. PHO is conducting several cross-sectional studies to investigate whether walkability is associated with transport walking, leisure-time physical activity, and total physical activity. The studies will compare results across various age groups and urban area population groups.


Priority Populations Project: Understanding and identifying priority populations in Ontario

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​Ontario’s public health units are mandated by the Ontario Public Health Standards to assess the needs of the local population, including the identification of priority populations, to determine groups which would benefit most from public health programs and services. The Priority Populations Project is a response to the need expressed by health units for guidance in identifying priority populations to meet this mandate.

 

Review of Positive Parenting Programs: A component analysis

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​‘Positive parenting’, is an approach to child-raising that fosters a relationship between parents and children based on mutual respect. This knowledge synthesis will review the educational purposes and methods (group discussion, case study, self-study, reflection/self-reflection, coaching and feedback, individual practice, role play, classroom training, training material) of universal, group based positive parenting interventions on parenting and child behaviour outcomes.

 

For more information on these projects or anything else related to health promotion knowledge synthesis and evaluation please contact hpcdip@oahpp.ca

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Page last updated: 16/11/2016 12:05 PM
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