Communicable Disease, Emergency Preparedness and Response (CDEPR) email@example.com
Neisseria gonorrhoeae, the bacteria that cause gonococcal infections, can infect any mucous membrane in the body, including the urethra, cervix, vagina, oropharynx, rectum and conjunctiva. Gonorrhea can be transmitted via anal, oral and vaginal intercourse as well as from mother to child during birth.
Gonorrhea can be prevented through condom use and can be treated with antibiotics. Over the last several decades Gonorrhea has become resistant to an increasing number of antibiotics including oral cefixime that has been the mainstay of treatment over the last number of years. In an effort to address the growing problem of multi-drug resistant gonorrhea and reduce the risk of long-term consequences associated with gonorrhea, Public Health Ontario, released Ontario-specific Guidelines for Testing and Treatment of Gonorrhea in Ontario in 2013.