Ontario is home to the largest Indigenous population of any Canadian province or territory, with the majority of Indigenous people living in urban areas. However, there are serious gaps in information and information systems describing Indigenous populations and their health determinants, health status, and health service use. The result is substantial undercounting and a masking of health and social inequities. These data gaps as well as a lack of appropriate methods make Indigenous health service and program evaluation difficult.
Well Living House(WLH) has been working with Indigenous organizations and health service providers to build population-based Indigenous heath needs assessment information and identify best practices in Indigenous health service and program evaluation. In this presentation, recent results of these efforts will be shared, including key sociodemographic, health status, and health service access issues challenging urban Indigenous populations in Ontario and core principles and recommendations for Indigenous health service and program evaluation.
Dr. Janet Smylie is Director of the Well Living House Action Research Centre for Indigenous Infant, Child, and Family Health and Wellbeing. She is also a Canadian Institute of Health Research (CIHR) Applied Public Health Chair and Staff Physician at St. Michael’s Hospital. Her primary academic appointment is as Professor at the Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto. Her research focuses on addressing Indigenous health inequities in partnership with Indigenous communities. As a Métis woman, Dr. Smylie acknowledges her family, teachers, and lodge.
By the end of this session, participants will be able to:
1. Recount the proportion of Ontario’s Indigenous population that live in urban areas.
2. Describe key sociodemographic, health status and health access challenges faced by urban Indigenous populations in Ontario.
3. Identify three key principles and three key recommendations regarding Indigenous health services and program evaluation.
4. Identify one concrete way this new information will be applied to their work as public health professionals.
The opinions expressed by speakers and moderators do not necessarily reflect the official policies or views of Public Health Ontario, nor does the mention of trade names, commercial practices, or organizations imply endorsement by Public Health Ontario.
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