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Neisseria gonorrhoeae, the bacteria that cause gonococcal infections, can infect any mucous membrane in the body, including the urethra, cervix, vagina, oropharynx, rectum and conjunctiva. Gonorrhea can be transmitted via anal, oral and vaginal intercourse as well as from mother to child during birth.
Gonorrhea can be prevented through condom use and can be treated with antibiotics. Over the last several decades Gonorrhea has become resistant to an increasing number of antibiotics. In an effort to address the growing problem of multi-drug resistant gonorrhea and reduce the risk of long-term consequences associated with gonorrhea, Public Health Ontario released the Ontario Gonorrhea Testing and Treatment Guide, 2nd edition.