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Xuan Wei and its neighboring county of Fuyuan, in Yunnan province, China, have some of the highest lung cancer rates in the country among both men and women regardless of smoking status. This has been associated with the domestic combustion of locally sourced “smoky” coal (a bituminous type of coal). However, the observed excess risk is not easily equated to the limited information on exposure constituents in indoor air and as such questions remain about the disease etiology. In this presentation, Dr. Roel Vermeulen will describe results from over 25 years of research conducted in the Xuan Wei area and the clues it has provided to possible causative agents by focusing on coal geology, exposure assessment, and gene–environment interactions. Additionally, the effectiveness of stove improvement programs introduced in the 1980s in parts of Xuan Wei will be discussed.
Presenter: Dr. Roel Vermeulen
Dr. Roel Vermeulen is an associate professor in the Environmental Epidemiology Division of the Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences and adjunct professor in molecular epidemiology at the University Medical Centre at Utrecht University in the Netherlands. His research focuses on occupational and environmental risk factors for cancer, asthma, and neurological diseases. He uses novel molecular and statistical approaches to assist in exposure assessment for epidemiological research and risk assessment.
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