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PHO Grand Rounds: To PICO or Not to PICO: What is the Question?
Tuesday, June 7, 2016 12:00 pm to 01:00 pm
Venue: 480 University Ave, Suite 300 Toronto, ON M5G 1V2 Boardroom 350
Research and Collaboration; Learning and development
City: Toronto
Type: PHO Grand Rounds
Format: In Person; Webinar

Note: This is an open invitation, and may be forwarded to interested parties.

Formulating a well-designed research question is the foundation of an effective research project.  However, there are inherent challenges in developing research questions within public health (PH) contexts due to its multidisciplinary nature. The PICO (Population/Problem, Intervention, Comparison, and Outcome) model is ideal for intervention/therapy questions rooted in clinical medicine; but, it is often not suitable for qualitative or mixed-methods research conducted within PH contexts. This session will introduce alternate frameworks for defining research questions and briefly outline their suitability for application to PH subject domains. Practical examples will demonstrate the selection, application and use of appropriate frameworks for developing answerable PH research questions. 

Presenters: Beata Pach, Susan Massarella and Minakshi Sharma

Beata Pach is the Manger of Library Services at Public Health Ontario (PHO). She has extensive experience in the design, implementation, and provision of public health information services. She is engaged in the delivery of information tools to support evidence-informed public health practice and facilitate finding, evaluating, and utilizing public health information, research and data.

Susan Massarella and Minakshi Sharma are Library Information Specialists at PHO. Susan has been working in public health for over ten years and is developing tools and processes to keep public health practitioners informed of current literature. Minakshi joined PHO  in September 2015 and provides comprehensive literature searching support.

Public Health Ontario Grand Rounds are approved for continuing medical education from the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons.  
PHO Grand Rounds are also approved by Council of Professional Experience for professional development hours (PDHs) for members of the Canadian Institute of Public Health Inspectors (CIPHI). For more information, contact


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If you require accommodations to participate in this event, please contact 647-260-7100 or

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