(Hansen’s Disease)Leprosy is a bacterial infection caused by Mycobacterium leprae. In Ontario, a very small number of imported cases occur per year. Although it is not fully understood how leprosy spreads, it is thought to be through frequent close contact with untreated infected persons. Leprosy affects skin, nerves and mucous membranes and is treated with antibiotics. Untreated cases may result in severe nerve damage, including paralysis of the hands and feet.
PHO Rounds: Tuberculosis Contact Investigation: Principles and practice
This PHO Rounds will review the principles of TB contact investigation, including transmission risk assessment, prioritizing follow-up based on the source case’s likely infectiousness, the nature of the exposure(s), and factors that increase immunologic vulnerability of exposed individuals to TB disease.