West Nile Virus Surveillance
West Nile Virus (WNV) is a vector-borne disease of public health importance in Ontario. Each week, we analyze provincial mosquito, human and weather data to produce a weekly vector surveillance report. Public health units provide us with mosquito and human data, and Environment Canada is our source for weather data.
Updated case counts are available every Wednesday during WNV season. Data from previous years is updated annually.
The graphs below have the following common features including: interactive legend, a scrollbar (when applicable) to navigate the data, zoom in, zoom out, download graph data, annotate graph and export graph as an image.
Other Arboviruses and Mosquito Species of Interest
As of September 25, 2019 there has been seven reported equine cases of Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEEV), with two each from LGL and SUD, and one each from HAM, HPE, and, THB.
There have been two EEEV positive mosquito pools, one each from the Wahta Mohawk Community and WEC; and no reports of EEEV human cases.
- Culiseta melanura is an important mosquito vector in the transmission cycle of EEEV as it is responsible for amplifying the virus in the bird population.
- Although large numbers of Cq. perturbans can be identified in Ontario, this species is not considered a competent vector species in the transmission of WNV due to the presence of a substantial salivary gland barrier (Sardelis et al. 2001).
Vector-Borne Disease Activity in Other Jurisdictions
WNV Canada (January 1 to October 12, 2019):
- Fifteen human cases reported: Alberta (4) British Columbia (1), and Quebec (10)
- Nineteen positive mosquito pools in Quebec and six in Manitoba
WNV United States (January 1 to October 29, 2019):
- The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has reported 788 human cases of WNV, with 47 states and the District of Columbia reporting WNV activity (people, birds, or mosquitoes).